Green recovery for Ukraine

During the Russian full-scale invasion, severe damage has been caused to people, infrastructure, and the environment in Ukraine. The Nefco Green Recovery Programme for Ukraine focuses on actions that help municipalities build back greener and better.

The aim of the Nefco Green Recovery Programme for Ukraine is to pave the way for a green and sustainable reconstruction of the country. Through various initiatives, the programme is providing financial support and technical assistance to municipalities to address both direct and indirect consequences of the war.

Financial support can be used to conduct repairs and rebuild municipal infrastructure in an environmentally sound way, accommodate internally displaced persons (IDPs) and build capacity for designing Local Green Recovery Plans.

The programme contributes to a green economy and energy transition in the recovery process.

EU financed actions in Ukraine

Together with European Union (EU), through the EU Delegation in Ukraine, Nefco has agreed to manage a range of actions funded by the EU to support Ukraine in urgent reconstruction and help strengthen the resilience of Ukrainian people.

EU financed actions

Nordic countries actively supporting a green recovery in Ukraine

Various means of humanitarian aid and rebuilding efforts have already been provided by the Nordic countries. Due to Nefco’s expertise and broad experience in financing green projects and working directly with Ukrainian cities and municipalities, financial support is also channelled through Nefco.

Nordic initiatives

Best practices and knowledge sharing

Nefco collaborates with municipalities to introduce transparent procurement practices and measures to fight corruption and misconduct. Projects also offer possibility to share know-how on Nordic technologies and European standards. Procurements are done by the municipalities, and there are several tender invitations ongoing.

Go to Procurement Notices for more info

Why is green recovery needed?

During Russia’s full-scale invasion, severe damage has been caused to people, infrastructure and the environment in Ukraine. In addition to immediate basic humanitarian assistance, Ukraine needs significant reconstruction and financial development support over several years to overcome the destruction caused by the war.

Local governments will need skills development support to be capable of planning environmentally sustainable recovery in a manner that catalyses reduced dependence on fossil fuels and cuts harmful pollution while appropriately harnessing opportunities for renewable energy, energy efficiency and modern, clean technology solutions.

The reconstruction offers Ukraine an opportunity to leapfrog technologically while creating a resilient and carbon-neutral economy. Ukraine has expressed its willingness to reform the country, to focus on a green, circular economy, get rid of fossil fuel dependence and take European best practices into use.

WWF Ukraine: Nature is the silent victim

The war has caused tremendous damage to the environment. Measuring and verifying the extent of the damage will be challenging while the war is ongoing. It is, however, clear that both the Ukrainian society and nature are in desperate need of restoration.

What makes the programme green?

The Green Recovery Programme for Ukraine is fully aligned with the 1.5 degree-objective of the Paris Agreement. The recovery actions are geared toward a green transition and transformation of economy and society, supporting cities to be rebuilt based on environmental assessment and impact, using modern solutions.

Activities will be subject to Nefco’s rules and policies, including Nefco’s Environmental and Sustainability Policy and Guidelines and requirements under the EU Pillar Assessment. To catalyse further sustainability impacts, municipalities will be able to receive technical assistance in developing environmental needs assessments and Local Green Recovery Plans.

How will the programme work?

Municipalities are playing a significant role in building Ukraine back greener and better. The Green Recovery for Ukraine Programme partners with Ukrainian municipalities to address both direct and indirect consequences of the war.

  • Short-term repair and restore needs of critical infrastructure and public service buildings
  • Rebuilding of utilities and facilities serving internally displaced people (IDPs)
  • Capacity building to ensure Ukraine is built back greener and better.

All recovery activities will integrate environmental and sustainability considerations. The programme was launched in July 2022 and project preparations and implementations have already begun.


The programme may comprise individual initiatives from various contributors. Nefco has for years worked with Nordic, European and multinational institutions to manage funds and implement projects for them in Ukraine.  Contributions for existing facilities and initiatives managed by Nefco have been repurposed towards the new programme given the urgent need for recovery. These are supplemented by new initiatives and contributions.

The EU, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden are the programme’s initial contributors. Further contributions are welcome.

Nefco in Ukraine

Since more than 15 years, Nefco has financed more than 60 private sector and 230 public sector projects in Ukraine to support the country in their green transition. We have worked across Ukraine with renewable energy and energy efficiency, as well as modernisation of both district heating and municipal water and wastewater treatment facilities.

In the private sector, we have co-financed  larger projects together with institutions such as EBRD, FMO, IFU and Swedfund.

In the public sector we have blended our loans with grant funds from the Nordic governments, the EU and the Eastern Europe Energy Efficiency and Environment Partnership (E5P).

Read more about our previous activities in Ukraine.

How Nefco works in Ukraine

In 2009, Nefco and Ukraine signed a framework agreement that provides a legal framework for Nefco’s operations in Ukraine. The framework agreement enables Nefco to provide financing to municipalities and carry out projects in an efficient way. This supports the country in its transition to a green economy and benefits the communities and ordinary people of Ukraine.

Read more

Related news stories and articles

Read more about our recent activities related to the Green Recovery Programme for Ukraine:

27 June 2023: Critical infrastructure being repaired in 12 Ukrainian communities

8 June 2023: New Nefco-EU-funded action to provide homes to internally displaced persons in 10 Ukrainian cities

27 April 2023: The NIP Ukraine Water Modernisation Programme making good progress in Ukraine despite the war

24 February 2023: Rebuilding Ukraine – interview with Pasi Rinne, Senior Strategic Advisor to Nefco

16 February 2023: Denmark is supporting critical heating infrastructure in Ukraine through Nefco

23 December 2022: Finland provides EUR 5 million for green reconstruction in Ukraine

15 December 2022: The EU provides EUR 50 million to repair critical infrastructure as part of Nefco’s green recovery activities in Ukraine

11 November 2022: Green reconstruction in Ukraine: Collaboration, capacity building and transparency on all levels highlighted at Nefco’s Finance Day event at COP27

8 September 2022: Ukrainian Ministry and Nefco to cooperate on a green recovery

1 July 2022: Ukraine to be built back greener with new programme

Extensive network with municipalities

During the last decade, Nefco has partnered with over a hundred Ukrainian municipalities and successfully financed and implemented environmentally sound projects in energy efficiency, district heating and other municipal services.

See our case stories

Contact us

Ulf Bojö Vice President, Green Transition Eastern Europe
Swedish, English, Russian, Italian
Julia Shevchuk Chief Investment Adviser
Ukrainian, Russian, English

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